Africa is experiencing a significant transformation in the global gold trade, influenced by several factors. The relocation of Russian gold trading to Hong Kong due to US sanctions and a crackdown in the UAE raises concerns about Africa’s stability as a gold trade hub. The surge in gold prices, driven by a weakened US dollar and geopolitical uncertainty, further complicates the situation. African nations are emphasizing compliance with international sanctions and prioritizing transparency in trading partnerships. The Mali-Russia gold refinery agreement signifies a move toward economic growth and diversification.The Chinese-Russian partnership in gold trading through Hong Kong introduces new complexities. African nations must navigate this evolving geopolitical landscape to ensure that the gold trade benefits local communities. Stakeholders in the industry should focus on transparency, compliance, and sustainable economic development to adapt to these changes and ensure the continued resilience and growth of the gold trade in Africa and globally.